Wednesday, January 21, 2009

Alumnai Suriyah

Normally, hubby and I will bring Widaad back to Kedah every month. Except for this month, hubby had to attend his Alumnai Suriyah..( ex-student University of Damascus,Syria). It was held during Chinese New Year,that was actually a time when we planned to go back home in Kedah. Believe it or not, hubby does not want to miss out chance to meet his old friends. So, a plan to go back to Kedah had been replaced to a gathering at Kem Liqa' Mahabbah, Gombak.

Hubby studied in Syria before he continued his studies in Jordan. It has been long long time ago but when all of them meet up, it was such a havoc. I was told that hubby does not change much of his appearance. Most of his friends end up to be lecturers as well, but some have been successful businessmen. All of them drove luxurious for us, we have only our beloved Wira:) Alhamdulillah....:)

The most successful among them is Dr. Zulkifli Al Bakri, a lecturer in USIM. He used to be in television for an Islamic talk. Hubby was asked about me, whether I also studied in Jordan..Ohoo.....shy maa....All their wives are wearing tudung bulat , most of them are ustazah, all are wearing socks! The best part was that, most of his friends are having 6 to 7 kids already, but when they asked us, we are having only our only Widaad Ibtisam:)hehehehe

The Alumnai was held 2 days. Poor us, we received wrong information. We were thinking it was one day gathering, and we never bring extra clothes. Hubby was so excited to meet his friends until he asked me to look out for our neccessities, just enough for us to have one stay in Gombak. We bought towel, 2 shirts,a long pant and toiletries.Luckily Widaad clothes are always extra behind the car boot.

I brought camera to take some pictures. But then , hehehehehhe...the battery went flat. So we dont have pics of hubby and Widaad swimming in the river, mutton bbq, paint ball, our cute chalets and etc. All the sweet memories are stick nicely in our memory.

Me myself, I made a lot of friends there. Even though I am not ustazah like them, they treated me same as others. And they never look down to people like me. Everyone has her or his own miracle..:) and it was a great time when I don't need to think about my research, and of course the bulk of work waiting in the office.

It has been quite a while..

It has been quite a while that I did not write up on this blog. I am not that busy,not that I am not aware to talk about those debatable issues for instance economic crisis, Barrack Obama , cease-fire at the Gaza, and so on. There are too many that happens into my life and all those issues are affecting my soul and sense of humanity.

Economic crisis that fled over to Malaysia is one of it. Inflation (gradually increasing of average prices) is at stake of Malaysians. Salary of RM2k isn't as luxury as RM2k when I started working. Even curry puff, sate, or fried kue teow....all of them are at different prices. I remembered last time when I was small, riding my bicycle throughout the village, a piece of curry puff cost me 20 cents. Then it increases to 25 cents, followed by 30 cents and then it increases to 3 pieces for RM1. But now, the price has changed to 40 cents per piece.

Last night, I heard on tv that sugar prices will be increase as well even though there will be Chinese New Year festive. Again and again.....The reason was that the international price of sugar are increasing and Malaysia is importing 90% of the national usage.

Barack Obama became the first black US President yesterday, making history before a sea of people and declaring the United States in the midst of a crisis that can be defeated with a united sense of purpose. Who is this person?An Israelian who proposed the war against Palestin?Will everythign become better of worse after his takeover?

What's more?Thousands of workers including Malaysians will be retrenced due to the slowdown economy. Don't know what happen to the stimulus package being announced lately. What will happen to those people?I remembered a theory in economics, whereby unemployment will actually causes plenty of social problems like criminals and family disorders.Dear Allah, please protect us from those problems.

The issue in Palestin is not at the pull stop even though Israel and Palestin has agreed upon to cease-fire. There are a lot of recovery needed for the Palestenian. Even me myself, I cannot stop myself for praying that the God will always help those Muslims in Palestin. And I believe, all people around the world, not only Muslims are against the Israleian's cruelty.

Let us lend our one minute to recite this doa:

"Ya Allah!! Sebagaimana Engkau Pernah menghantar burung-burung ababil menghancurkan tentera bergajah Musyrikin, maka kami memohon kepada mu Ya Allah....... . turunkan lah bantuan mu kali ini kepada orang orang Islam di Libanon/Palestin, hancurkanlah rejim zionis..amin. ..."

(Lalu bacalah surah Al Fil / membayangkan kehancuran tentera Yahudi - dengan Izin Allah)


Thursday, January 15, 2009


Islamic judicial system may ensure better justice
Saad Hashim Jan 14, 09 3:16pm

I refer to the Malaysiakini report Karpal: Anwar's statement on hudud misleading.

I find it quite amazing that in the light of the collapse of the Western financial system and the growing relevance of the Islamic one, DAP chairperson Karpal Singh continues to practice scare- mongering tactic against Islamic laws.

Is Karpal (including the so-called progressive Muslims) saying that hudud is nothing but a set of laws for the the jungle which are no longer applicable in this modern life? In the first place, has Karpal studied the full extent of Islamic criminal law on the crimes of theft and homicide and their rules on evidence and punishment as they are now practiced in some Islamic countries?
Has Karpal studied the principles of ijma and qiyas of the Islamic law in reaching a just and equitable result in a case? My reading is that Karpal and the non-Muslim lawyers are against it purely due to theitr selfish reasons ie, they have already made a comfortable living from practising the existing English law, thus his massive income from handling cases in court would be reduced considerably if hudud was introduced.

So too if this country decided to adopt the European law system. Here, I would like to ask Karpal what happens to the principle that defence counsel are also officers of the court which together with the bench, try to establish truth and justice before punishment is meted out.
I wonder whether the first result of the Altantuya trial would have been different if the accused were tried under hudud or European law. Karpal, as a prominent criminal lawyer, should hold a seminar to discuss the differences among the various judicial systems like the British and the American system as well as the European system.

In this seminar Karpal himself should present an objective and impartial assessment of these systems because between the European inquisitorial system and the English adversarial system, there are also pros and cons so how do they compare with the Islamic judicial system (provided they are implemented properly).

I am sure non-Muslims like Karpal are aware that the hudud or Islamic criminal system is merely a component of Islamic law. Also, why then does Karpal chose to ignore that many non-Muslims and non-Muslim companies are now happily taking advantage of the Islamic banking and financial system.

As a matter of fact, more and more European banks are now offering Islamic instruments in raising new capital because they know that these Islamic instruments - which are not riba or usury- based - are better than the conventional ones.
So if the Islamic banking and financial system are acceptable to the non-Muslims, how then that they cannot accept hudud whose main aim is also to establish justice and equality? The problem with human beings is that they don’t know, don’t want to know or that they know but they don’t want people to know that they know.

The problem with hudud is that it was never clearly explained to Muslims as well as to non -Muslims because we all thought that whatever we have now is good enough so why should we rock the boat.

The problem with our British law system is that while we have drifted quite far away from the the original legal practices in England and Wales, we tend to think that what we have here is quite good despite the fact that in recent years our judicial system, including the appointment of judges, has been quite flawed.

At the end of the day, Malaysia as an Islamic country, should, after the success of the Islamic banking and financial system, look for a much better judicial system like the Islamic judicial system if it can guarantee the rights of every citizen, Muslim and non-Muslim alike

All this while...

Hudud: Undang-undang yang paling rasional

Mohamed Hanipa Maidin Mon Jan 12, 09 12:24:44 pm MYT


Persoalan pertama yang sering dibangkitkan adalah undang-undang hudud adalah bercanggah dengan Perlembagaan Persekutuan.

Untuk tujuan perbincangan katakanlah kita terima bahawa hudud adalah bercanggah dengan Perlembagaan Persekutuan. Persoalannya adakah apa sahaja undang-undang yang bercanggah dengan Perlembagaan adalah undang-undang yang tidak baik dan perlu diketepikan begitu sahaja?

Jika benar sesuatu undang-undang itu benar-benar bercanggah dengan Perlembagaan, tidak bolehkah Perlembagaan tersebut dipinda bagi membolehkan undang-undang yang baik tersebut diluluskan dan seterusnya dilaksanakan.

Adakah meminda peruntukkan dalam Perlembagaan adalah suatu jenayah atau 'dosa' yang besar dan tidak boleh dimaafkan sama sekali. Bukankah selama ini Perlembagaan negara ini telah beberapa kali dipinda?

Selanjutnya adakah semua undang-undang yang selaras dengan Perlembagaan Persekutuan adalah undang-undang yang baik dan tidak menzalimi rakyat? Akta Keselamatan Dalam Negeri (ISA), Akta Polis, Akta Hasutan, Akta Penerbitan & Mesin Cetak, Akta Universiti dan Universiti Kolej (Auku); adalah contoh undang-undang yang digubal menurut peruntukan Perlembagaan dan sehingga kini diputuskan oleh Mahkamah, undang-undang tersebut adalah selaras dengan Perlembagaan.

Tetapi siapa yang boleh menafikan akta-akta tersebut, meskipun selaras dengan Perlembagaan, adalah undang-undang yang zalim dan telah terbukti menzalimi rakyat yang tidak berdosa.
Sehingga kini suara-suara yang meminta undang-undang tersebut sama ada dipinda atau dimansuhkan masih terus berkumandang. Meskipun undang-undang tersebut selaras dengan

Perlembagaan kenapakah ianya diminta untuk dipinda atau dimansuhkan?
Dalam konteks undang-undang hudud adilkah untuk kita meminta undang-undang Allah tersebut dipinda bagi membolehkan ianya selaras dengan Perlembagaan? Sudah tentu alternatif terbaik, jika ianya bercanggah dengan Perlembagaan maka sewajarnya Perlembagaan itu sendiri yang harus dipinda.

Mungkin ada yang berhujah adalah sukar untuk kita meminda Perlembagaan Persekutuan? Apa yang lebih susah dari meminda peruntukan Perlembagaan Persekutuan apabila ianya menyentuh isu imuniti Raja. Bukan sahaja pindaan tersebut memerlukan dua pertiga tetapi ia juga perlu persetujuan Majlis Raja-Raja. Tetapi, seperti yang kita maklum, pindaan tersebut berjaya dilakukan meskipun sukar.

Hujah yang saya berikan di atas bertolak dari andaian bahawa undang-undang hudud bercanggah dengan Perlembagaan. Namun perlu saya nyatakan di sini ada juga dari kalangan ahli undang-undang yang berpendapat undang-undang hudud tidak bercanggah dengan Perlembagaan.

Antara lain hujah yang dikemukakan oleh ahli undang-undang ini adalah bidang kuasa kerajaan negeri untuk menggubal undang-undang sepertimana yang dinyatakan di dalam Senarai Negeri (State list) di Jadual Kesembilan Perlembagaan Persekutuan adalah termasuk menggubal undang-undang Islam (Islamic law) dan perkataan undang-undang Islam di dalam Senarai Negeri tersebut hendaklah ditafsirkan secara luas sepertimana yang difahami oleh Islam.
Persoalan kedua yang juga sering ditimbulkan adalah undang-undang hudud terlalu keras (harsh) dan ianya menakutkan orang bukan Islam. Undang-undang memotong tangan pencuri dan merejam penzina dianggap undang-undang yang tidak bertamadun dan ketinggalan zaman.
Pertamanya persoalan orang bukan Islam. Jika dilihat kepada Enakmen Hudud yang digubal di Kelantan dan Terengganu, adalah jelas ianya tidak terpakai kepada orang-orang bukan Islam. Oleh itu kebimbangan orang-orang bukan Islam tidak berasas.

Selanjutnya isu sama ada sesuatu undang-undang itu keras, tidak bertamadun atau ketinggalan zaman adalah persoalan persepsi. Kita lihat undang-undang yang mengenakan hukum mati (death penalty) sendiri, sehingga kini ianya menjadi bahan perbahasan. Ada yang menyatakan ianya adalah undang-undang yang keras, tidak bertamadun dan ketinggalan zaman kerana ianya bercanggah dengan hak asasi manusia.

Memandangkan persepsi masyarakat berbeza, ada negara yang meneruskan hukum mati dan ada negara yang tidak. Hatta bagi negara yang mengekalkan hukum mati mereka juga tidak sepakat tentang kaedah untuk melaksanakan undang-undang hukum mati tersebut.

Ada yang setuju dengan kaedah menggantung penjenayah. Ada pula yang setuju ianya dilaksanakan dengan cara menembak penjenayah dan ada pula yang setuju ianya dilaksanakan dengan cara menyuntik racun atau menggunakan bilik gas beracun. Bagi yang memilih untuk menggantung, mereka berpendapat hukuman tembak adalah terlalu keras dan tidak bertamadun dan begitulah sebaliknya.

Hatta ada juga para sarjana undang-undang yang berhujah undang-undang memenjarakan penjenayah juga bukan sahaja zalim tetapi juga tidak berkesan mengurangkan kadar jenayah. Ini kerana hukuman penjara bukan sahaja menghukum penjenayah yang melakukan jenayah tetapi juga ianya menghukum orang lain yang tidak terlibat dengan jenayah yang dilakukan oleh penjenayah tersebut.

Sebagai contoh jika seorang pencuri dipenjarakan, ianya bukan sahaja menghukum pencuri tetapi juga menghukum isteri dan anak-anaknya kerana mereka dengan secara paksa dipisahkan dari suami dan bapa mereka. Ia juga menghukum pembayar cukai yang terpaksa menanggung makan dan minum si pencuri tersebut di penjara. Tidakkah ini zalim?
Negara kita mengenakan hukuman penjara ke atas pencuri namun secara jujur adakah undang-undang tersebut telah berjaya mengurangkan kadar jenayah kecurian dalam negara ini? Pada masa kini kecurian juga boleh berlaku di dalam balai polis sendiri - tempat yang sepatutnya paling selamat!

Selanjutnya jika kita mempelajari falsafah, prinsip dan teori hukuman (sentencing) kita tentu biasa dengan istilah pencegahan (deterrence). Tujuan hukuman antara lain adalah untuk mencegah. Hukuman potong tangan sebagai contoh memenuhi kriteria pencegahan kerana ianya bukan sahaja menakutkan pencuri tetapi juga orang-orang yang mungkin ada niat mencuri.

Hukuman tersebut juga satu bentuk pengaiban (humiliation) yang paling baik kepada penjenayah. Tangan kudung sejak dari lahir atau tangan kudung kerana dipotong oleh doktor atas alasan kesihatan sudah tentu tidak sama aibnya dengan tangan kudung kerana menjalani hukuman kerana mencuri.

Seperkara lagi yang perlu kita faham meskipun hukum hudud secara relatifnya mengandungi hukuman yang agak keras ianya juga dalam masa yang sama menuntut satu kaedah pembuktian yang paling ketat (rigid). Dalam bahasa undang-undang, jenayah hudud menuntut satu standard pembuktian (standard of proof) yang lebih tinggi dari undang-undang jenayah yang diamalkan sekarang.

Standard pembuktian jenayah hudud adalah melampaui segala keraguan (beyond any shadow of doubt) sedangkan undang-undnag jenayah yang sedia ada hanya mengenakan standard pembuktian 'melampaui keraguan munasabah' sahaja (beyond reasonable doubt).

Jadi undang-undang manakah yang lebih melindungi hak orang yang dituduh?- tajdid_
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